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Processing Coconut Fiber Into Various Useful Products

All parts of a coconut tree can be useful for humans, starting from the roots, stems, coconut leaves, and coconut fruit. And even the coconut husk has many benefits. What are the uses and how to process it?

Coconut coir is often just thrown away in a coconut plantation area without being processed to get useful results. In the era of indutrialization, it turns out that coconut fiber has many benefits, only it must be processed first.

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Coconut coir fiber (coco fiber) is a product produced from the separation of coconut coir fiber (epicarp and mesocarp). Coconut coir is a byproduct of processing copra, coconut oil, and coconut trading business for household consumption.

The byproduct of coir fiber processing is coir (cork) which can be processed into compost, particle board (hardboard), and cocopeat. The fiber is what the market is looking for as raw material for car seats, furniture, pots, geotextiles, and mattresses. The export and domestic markets absorb the product in large quantities. Before entering the coconut coir business, it is necessary to practice coconut coir processing.

Coconut coir if utilized maximally will bring benefits to you, many entrepreneurs have proven how the benefits derived from processing coconut coir become a useful item.

Coconut Fiber Processing

In the preparation stage, the whole coconut husk is cut longitudinally into about five parts, then the hard edges are cut. The husk is then soaked for 3 days so that the part of the cork decays and is easily separated from the fiber, then served.

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Coir softening is traditionally done manually, that is by hitting coir with a hammer so that the coconut fiber becomes more decomposed. At this stage side products have been produced in the form of cork granules. Modernly, coir softening is done by using a hammer mill.

Coconut coir is inserted into a fiber separator machine (defibring machine) to separate the fibers from the cork. The main component of a fiber separator is a cylinder whose surface is filled with metal teeth that rotate to hit and scratch the fiber so that the fibers are separated. At this stage cork granules are produced as a by-product.

The separated fiber part from the cork is inserted into the sorting machine to separate the fine and coarse fiber parts. Sorting or sieving machine (refaulting screen) in the form of a rotating cone-shaped filter. Sorting and sifting is also carried out on cork granules by using a sieve that is done manually, so that fine granules are produced.

Cleaning is done to separate the part of the cork that is still attached to the part of the fine fiber that has been separated from the rough fiber part. This stage is done manually. Depending on the level of dryness of the fibers and cork granules, the drying process is carried out by drying or by using a drying machine.

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Coconut coir fibers that are clean and dry are then packaged using a press. The size of the package is 90x110x45 cm. Traditionally, fiber compaction is done manually by stepping on it which produces a weight of each package of only around 40kg. By using a press machine the weight of each package reaches around 100kg. For coir dust, the packaging container is a sack, and each package holds about 100 kg

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